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Pregnancy After 35: Advanced Maternal Age Risks

Advanced Maternal Age Risks

Women over the age of 35 who become pregnant may be considered high risk due to advanced maternal age. This simply means they are more likely to have certain conditions and complications for mother and baby. For many women, fertility begins to decrease slowly around age 32 and then much more rapidly around age 37.

Read on to learn about some of the challenges women of advanced maternal age may face.

Increased Time to Conceive

As women get older and their bodies experience typical age-related changes, it often takes them much longer to conceive. Statistics show there’s a 20 percent chance of getting pregnant during each menstrual cycle for women in their twenties. However, these chances drop to about 15 percent by age 35. By the age of 40, there’s around 5 or 10 percent chance of getting pregnant each month. This doesn’t necessarily mean a woman cannot conceive altogether, but the process will typically be more challenging.

Infertility

Women have a harder time conceiving as they age, and may not be able to conceive altogether. It’s believed that somewhere between 10 and 15 percent of couples in the United States struggle with infertility. Infertility is defined as an inability to get pregnant after having frequent, unprotected sex for more than one year. For many women, fertility declines gradually as they age, and then advances more rapidly around age 37.  Many causes contribute to female infertility, such as early menopause, ovulation disorders, age, and other health issues.

More Likely to See a Fertility Specialist

If you’re over age 35 and have tried conceiving for six months, it may be time to see a reproductive endocrinologist. Reproductive endocrinologists make sure fallopian tubes and eggs are functioning as they should, and recommend treatments like in-vitro fertilization or medication to encourage ovulation. Your ObGyn should be able to recommend a fertility specialist if you’re interested in exploring this path.

Higher Likelihood of Complications

When women hit age 40, they are more likely to develop pregnancy-related health complications like high blood pressure and gestational diabetes. These complications can also contribute to pregnancy-related problems such as birth complications, miscarriage, and issues with the placenta.

Increased Risk of Miscarriage

After the age of 35, women start to encounter a higher risk of miscarriage. At age 35, a woman’s risk of miscarriage is around 20 percent, but jumps to around 80 percent by age 45.

Many women can still conceive and carry healthy pregnancies in their late thirties or forties, but the process is often far more challenging than it may be for younger women.

If you would like to meet with a knowledgeable doctor, consider contacting Women’s Health Arizona. As Arizona’s largest ObGyn group, we’re trained and solely dedicated to delivering the best ObGyn experience in convenient and comfortable settings around Phoenix.