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What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus (the endometrium) is found outside the walls of your uterus. This tissue responds to hormonal changes and may grow and bleed like the uterine lining does during the menstrual cycle. It can become irritated, inflamed, and swollen, and may form scar tissue called adhesions. Due to this, you may experience symptoms like:

  • Severe cramps and pelvic pain
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods
  • Lower abdomen pain and painful bowel movements
  • Discomfort during intercourse
  • Difficulty conceiving
  • Nausea

While many women experience these often-debilitating symptoms, others won’t know they have the condition until they try to get pregnant or have a surgery for a different issue.

Diagnosing Endometriosis

Endometriosis is most often diagnosed in women in their 30s and 40s. To diagnose, your provider may begin with a routine pelvic exam. However, the only way to verify that you have endometriosis is by performing a biopsy through a minimally invasive surgical procedure called laparoscopy.

Discuss Your Endometriosis Treatment Options with Your Provider Today

If you’ve been diagnosed with endometriosis, there are a variety of treatment options available to you, including pain relievers, hormonal medications, and birth control pills. Have a conversation with your provider about your endometriosis symptoms and they’ll help you develop a plan for treatment that fits your needs.

If you experience any of the symptoms of endometriosis, your Women’s Health Arizona provider is here to help. Speak with them about what you’re experiencing, and they can advise you on diagnosis and treatment.

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